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Ceramic Mug
Poison Bottle
Drug Jar
Tinted Bottle

Shop Round

Green Carboy

Clear Bottle

Mosquito Lotion

Strychnine Bottle
Poison Tablet Bottle
Lung Tonic Bottle
Blue Poison Bottle

Tablespoons Bottle

Octagonal Blue Bottle

Lung Tonic Bottle

Olive Oil Bottle

Bovril Jar
Linseed Bottle
Oil Bottle
Cough Syrup Bottle
Baby Food Jar
Earthenware Drug Jar
Myrrh Jar
Medicine Cabinet
Bottle: Gentian Violet
Bottle: Orthocain
Acetic Acid Bottle
Ozonic Ether Bottle
Fehling's Solution Bottle
Specie Jar: Peruvian Bark
Dark Green Carboy
Shop Round: Opii
Shop Round: Cantharides
Apothecary Box
Specimen Jar: Cotton
Specimen Jar: Ficus Lac
Specimen Jar: Myristica
Specimen Jar: Ficus Bark
Specimen Jar: Astralagus
Specimen Jar: Barringtonia
Specimen Jar: Amyris
Specimen Jar: Salsola
Specimen Jar: Eucalyptus
Specimen Jar: Strumarium
Specimen Jar: Manihot
Specimen Jar: Blue Gum
Specimen Jar: Xanthoxylum
Bynol Jar
Light Blue Carboy
Porcelain Jar: Opiat
Porcelain Jar: D:Amere
Porcelain Jar: Quinque
Porcelain Jar: Pill Mass
Porcelain Jar: Opiat
Vigor Tonic
Bottle: Liq. Alumin
Round Stoppers
T-Shaped Stoppers
Large Stoppers
Heart Stoppers
Straight Stoppers
Square Stoppers
Shop Round: Scurvy Grass
Box of Labels
Garton's Bottle
Large Carboy
Dark Green Ribbed Bottle
Shop Round: Saline
Shop Round: Pulv Opii
Quassiae Jar
Bottle: The Mixture
Children's Throat Pastilles
Shop Round: Lemon Oil
Specimen Jar: Hibiscus Fruits
Specimen Jar: Coachwood Gum
Specimen Jar: Ficus Elastica
Specimen Jar: Manna Gum
Secimen Jar: Centaurea
Specimen Jar: Anagyris
Specimen Jar: Eucommia
Blue Bottle
Shop Round: Lavender
Poison Bottle
Mellin's Bottle
Medicine Bottle
Shop Round: Matico
Creamware Jar
Glycerine Bottle
Licorice Jar
Earthenware Jug
Shop Round: Glycerine and Tanni
Poison Bottle
Morse's Indian Root Pills
Shop Round: Gentian
Shop Round: Ammoniated Quinine
Shop Round: Benzine
Shop Round: Aqua Mellis
Shop Round: Chlorodyne
Shop Round: Camphor
Shop Round: Cayenne Lozenges
Shop Round: Zinc Oxide
Shop Round: Aqua Menth
Shop Round: Tro Zingib
Shop Round: Eucalyptus
Shop Round: Tro Ipecac
Shop Round: Ferri
Shop Round: Tro Eucalypt
Shop Round
Shop Round: Ether Nitrate
Shop Round: Aqua Carui
Shop Round: Spt Amm Co
Shop Round
Shop Round: Vini. R.
Shop Round: Spirits of Wine
Shop Round: Cinchona
Shop Round: Valerian
Shop Round: Ol Menth
Shop Round: Hamamel
Shop Round
Shop Round: Pot Iodid
Shop Round: Potassium Chloride
Shop Round: Aqua
Shop Round: Aq Auranti
Shop Round
Shop Round
Jar: King Pi
Angostura Bitters Bottle
Bottle: Heroin Elixir
Shop Round: Rosae
Shop Round: Bromidia
Shop Round: Viburnum
Shop Round: Benzoate Soude
Small Virol Jar
Large Virol Jar
Boracic Acid Bottle
Accident Proof Bottle
Brown Bottle
Ceramic Jar: Picis
Linseed Bottle
Coffee Essence Bottle
Slipware Jug
Lemon Oil Bottle
Bay Rum Bottle
Copper Jug
Majolica Jar
Smelling Salts
Poison Bottle
Leech Jar
Leech Jar
Leech Bowl
Shop Round: Tragacanth
Fenning's Fever Curer
Anti-Cholera Mixture
Medicine Bottle
Shop Round: Cinchonae
Medicine Bottle
Blood Mixture
Poison Bottle
Shop Round: Card Co
Shop Round: Cinchona
Antiseptic Gums
Large Bottle
Plant Specimen Jar: Nicotiana
Plant Specimen Jar: Castor Oil Seeds
Plant Specimen Jar: Cusparia Bark

Plant Specimen Jar: Ordeal Bark

Plant Specimen Jar: Kino of Grey Gum
Plant Specimen Jar: Fruits
Plant Specimen Jar: Seeds of Pycanthus
Plant Specimen Jar: Entabally Bark




Ceramic Mug

19th Century Creamware Ceramic Mug with Guy's Hospital Crest.

A nineteenth century Guy's Hospital patient's drinking mug. The mug has a rust red colour Guy's crest just below the rim on the outer face opposite the handle. The crest consists of a shield with a dark upward chevron stripe containing three Fleur de Lis, one centred. There is a crowned (e.g king's) head within each of the three partitions created by the stripe. An armourial helmet looking to the left surmounts the shield with a Latin motto/text in a ribbon beneath. The Guy's Latin inscription and motto: "DARE QUAM ACCIPERE" translated as: "Better to give than receive".

Donated By: Guy's Hospital




Poison Bottle

C. 1880

Blue Light Glass Ribbed Poison Bottle Marked "Not To Be Taken".




Drug Jar

19th Century, straight sided cylindrical water white glass jar with applied circular blue glass seal below the top rim. The seal is stamped with capital letters 'GUY' and below this 'S' (Guy's Hospital seal).

Donated By: Guy's Hospital




Tinted Bottle

Green/Blue Glass Drug Bottle with Tap. Irregular, triangular shaped bottle. Lipped neck. Spigot type tube pulled out at base.

Loaned By: Wellcome Institute




Shop Round

Mid to late 19th century Large Water White Glass Shop Round.

Narrow necked clear glass bottle with straight sides and broad low shoulders and short neck with applied square band lip. Contains bright blue liquid.

Loaned By: Wellcome Institute



Green Carboy

1830 - 1850

Dark green glass carboy with squat, round body, and long narrow, tapering neck. Has cork closure and is half full of liquid.

Loaned By: Wellcome Institute




Clear Bottle

C. 1900

Flint Glass Medicine Bottle with Cork Closure. Square, clear glass bottle with round cork closure. Bottle is mould-made (seam), with no label.

Embossed on base is mould number: N 1631




Mosquito Lotion Bottle

20th Century

Clear Glass Poison Bottle : Mason's Mosquito or Gnat Bite Lotion. Small water white glass labelled bottle with ridged back. Closed with cork.




Strychnine Bottle

C. 1920s (poss. earlier)

A small ribbed green glass bottle with a square grip closure and a spring around its neck holding a small tin bell. It has a red label under glass. Glass covered label reads "LIQ/STRYCHNIN".

The body has three moulded vertical seams; the centre rib in the bottle dips down slightly towards the label, which is a glass covered inset label. The bell is on an expanding wire spring bottle necklace and warns a chemist of dangerous contents. The chemist that owned this bottle was very old and his daughter found the jars in the hallway and thought it best that he should stop using the more dangerous materials (in ribbed bottles). Strychnine is the principle alkaloid constituent of the Nux Vomica and was first isolated in the mid 19th century. It was used in very small doses as a stimulant. It is extremely poisonous, however, and its medicinal use is now limited.




Poison Tablet Bottle

C. 1940

Clear glass bottle with screw on plastic cap and paper label. Label reads: "TAB. BELLAD ET. PHENOBARB N.F. S4 POISON". Tablets of Belladonna and Phenobarb(iturate...) were for treatment of heart conditions.




Lung Tonic Bottle

Lung Tonic Bottle with Cork Stopper Owbridge's Hull

An aqua green glass Lung Tonic bottle with sloping shoulders. It has a cork closure, and is marked "Owbridge's, Hull". The bottle has prominent seams on each of its sides at the right which continue onto the lower part of the neck and smooth out.

The bottle is one of a small collection dug up from Quarry Wood, adjacent to the village of Loose in Kent in the mid 1980s.

Donated By: Brenda Cording, Loose Area Historical Society




Blue Poison Bottle

C. 1910

A blue glass medicine bottle with a flat back and triangular front formed of two sloping sides and a single flat central column. The words "Not to be Taken" are embossed onto the central column, flanked by rows of embossed stars/crosses on the two opposite sides. Prominent seams join the triangular front piece to the back and a number four is embossed on the bottom of the bottle.

The bottle is one of a small collection dug up from Quarry Wood, adjacent to the village of Loose in Kent in the mid 1980s.

Donated By: Brenda Cording, Loose Area Historical Society




Tablespoons Bottle

C. 1900

An aqua green glass medicine bottle with no closure. The words "Table Spoons" are embossed down the centre of the bottle's front between parallel sets of measures. The lip of the bottle is damaged, having a crushed appearance to the glass. The bottle has prominent seams on the sides at the right hand side. An angular star shape is embossed on the bottom of the bottle.

The bottle is one of a small collection dug up from Quarry Wood, adjacent to the village of Loose in Kent in the mid 1980s.

Donated By: Brenda Cording, Loose Area Historical Society



Octagonal Blue Bottle

C. 1900

A small thin blue glass octagonal medicine bottle without closure. It has prominent seams along two sides and its neck is a slightly irregular shape.

The bottle is one of a small collection dug up from Quarry Wood, adjacent to the village of Loose in Kent in the mid 1980s.

Donated By: Brenda Cording, Loose Area Historical Society



Lung Tonic Bottle

C. 1900

Aqua green glass bottle without closure. The words "Lung Tonic" are embossed on the front. On the right side is the word "Owbridge's" and on the left, "Hull", also embossed. The glass has a mother of pearl sheen to it. There is a three embossed on the bottom of the bottle.

The bottle is one of a small collection dug up from Quarry Wood, adjacent to the village of Loose in Kent in the mid 1980s.

Donated By: Brenda Cording, Loose Area Historical Society




Olive Oil Bottle

C. 1905

Square-sided, chamfered cornered blue light glass bottle with cork closure. Black text on white printed paper label reads "Olive Oil / T. Bentley, M.P.S. (late A. Parker) / Dispensing Chemist / High Street / Uttoxeter"




Bovril Jar

C. 1910

Brown glass bottle with rounded body and tall neck. Mould-made with moulded letters on both sides reading "2oz / Bovril / Limited"



Linseed Bottle


Square sided green light glass mould-made bottle with recessed sides. Recessed front and sides are embossed with labels "Kay Brothers" "Kay's Compound / Essence of Linseed" and "Stockport"

Linseed was predominately used domestically for laxative use.



Oil Bottle

C. 1890

Round g reen light mould-made glass bottle with moulded lettering. Reads "St Jakob's Oel / The Charles A Vogeler Company / London England". No closure.

A commonly advertised proprietary medicine in the 1880s through to the 1920s.



Cough Syrup Bottle

Square clear glass bottle with no closure. Moulded writing on front reads "Galloway's / Celebrated / Cough Syrup / The Great London Remedy"




Baby Food Jar

c. 1920s

Virolax Baby Food Bottle Without Stopper. Brown glass rectangular bottle with very broad neck and wide lip. Has broad, rounded shoulders tapering down to a narrow base. The word "Virolax" is embossed on two sides of the bottle.

Virolax was a food company




Earthenware Drug Jar

c. 1600-1750

Tin-Glazed Cream-Coloured Small Earthenware Drug Jar, Made in Bristol.

A plain white tin glazed Apothecary's ointment jar, very commonly made by potteries from 1600-1750. Very similar to ones exhibited at the Old Operating Theatre Museum on 27.05.06 by Nigel Jeffries, post Roman ceramics specialist at Museum of London. These jars were made in graded sized sets of four scaling down to the smallest with an approximately 30mm diameter opening. The flared rim allowed parchment to be tied over the top to seal in contents such as ointments, pills etc. This jar would be the second largest to such a set of four. The pottery was glazed, fired and, if painted, fired again. Later date jars have an enlarged pedestal base rim. The exhibited Museum of London jars were found in the archeological dig which uncovered an old apothecary shop at Cannon Street Station, London in 1987 (Dig ref: EAG87). Other finds within the dig included part of a large decorated Delft ware herb jar labelled for "Methridates" (a compound of the Theriac type usually known as Mithridates) and a short spouted fat bodied decorated pot labelled for "O: Catellev".

Donated By: Monica Britton Medical History Collection




Myrrh Jar

Glass screw top jar containing lumps of myrrh and packing tissue. Paper label reads: "B.R.I" (printed) "Myrrh" (handwritten)

Donated By: Monica Britton Medical History Collection




Medicine Cabinet

Homeopathic Medicine Cabinet. Mahogany apothecary's cabinet lined with black leather.

James Epps of this address published a book by Richard Epps called 'The Homeopathic Family Instructor'.




Bottle: Gentian Violet

Medicine Bottle labelled Sol Gentian Violet, 1% solution. Medium large dark green glass jar with narrow neck and glass stopper.Fluted with narrow ribs from shoulder to base.

Loaned By: Mr R Horne, Chief Pharmacist,Guy's Hospital



Bottle: Orthocain

Orthocain/Benzocain Bottle. Round green ribbed glass bottle with square stopper. Paper handwritten label.

Loaned By: Mr R Horne, Chief Pharmacist, Guy's Hospital



Acetic Acid Bottle

Small clear glass bottle with glass stopper, for acetic acid. (same as ozonic ether and fehlings sol)

Loaned By: Mr R Horne, Chief Pharmacist, Guy's Hospital



Ozonic Ether Bottle

Small clear glass bottle with glass stopper for ozonic ether. identical to Acetic Acid bottle.

Loaned By: Mr R Horne, Chief Pharmacist, Guy's Hospital



Fehling's Bottle

Medicine bottle for Fehling's Solution no. 1. Small glass bottle with glass stopper and remains of blue liquid, identical to ozonic ether and acetic acid bottles.

Loaned By: Mr R Horne, Chief Pharmacist, Guy's Hospital




Specie Jar: Peruvian Bark

Large pink glass specie jar with transfer decoration labelled for Peruvian Bark. Gold domed lid. 20th century.

One of a pair with 1994:004. The jar is coloured from the inside and has a transfer print label. Label shows two medieval men dressed in grey ermine trimmed cloaks and blue underskirts. One is holding a feather, the other a knife. Figures represent a surgeon and a physician. Both have hands on centre shield which shows the snake of Ascelpius on an Old Testament style T-shaped cross. Peruvian Bark was known by many names such as 'The Bark', Red Bark, Jesuit's Powder, but it is correctly known as cinchona bark. Cinchona bark provides quinine which was introduced to Europe in 1640. Quinine usage was as a fever tonic and astringent and was valued against influenza, neuralgia and debility. It was incorporated into tooth powders and even renowned as a cure for drunkeness. Modern scientific research values Cinchona bark against malaria.





Victorian Green Glass Carboy. Large straight walled bottle in dark green glass.




Shop Round: Opii

Small Brown Glass Shop Round Labelled 'Tinctura Opii' , likely 1920s.

Small brown bottle with two labels. Top label has red ink on white ground 'Tinctura Opii' etc. Bottom label has black ink on red ground with 'Poison' and 'Morphine' within other text.

Although of a twentieth century date this refers back to the nineteenth century medication given to patients of the hospital.




Shop Round: Cantharides

Water White Glass Shop Round with Cut Glass Matching Closure and Recessed White Shield Label: TINCT. CANTHARIDES. C. 1880.

A hand blown bottle with ground pontil mark in base. Cantharides is also known as 'Spanish Fly', (also Blistering beetle, Lytta, Russian Flies). The powder is a toxic poison produced from the dried Cantharis beetle (Cantharis vesicata). Cantharides preparation in the form of Cantharides Vinegar and Cantharides solution were formerly used as an external counter-irritant, or rubefacient and vessicant (Martindale Extra Pharmacopoeia, GB. 25th ed, 1967).



Apothecary Box

Apothecary Box Containing Bottles and Pharmaceutical Equipment, 1880s. Leather covered wooden apothecary box with a lock containing medicine bottles and measuring equipment

Purchased from the Brandon Collection




Specimen Jar: Cotton

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Dyed Cotton Yarns Madras.

Tall clear glass tubular specimen jar with black cork stopper. Heavy bottomed with lip on upper rim. Has two labels: "Dyed Cotton Yarns Madras"and "India Museum"




Specimen Jar: Ficus Lac

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Lac from Ficus Cordifolia, 1878. Clear glass tubular specimen jar. Medium-sized with heavy bottom. Lip on upper rim, no stopper.

Paper label near base reads "Forest Department Government of India 1878 No. E1725 Lac from ficus cordifolia. From Mr. Mann Kamrap Assam.' Higher Label: 'Lac from Ficus Cordifolia, Roxb. Kamrup Assam. 1878 Ind. For. Dept. ". Contains two 'beans'. Specimen was for ficus milk.



Specimen Jar: Myristica

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Bark of Myristica Sebifera, 1880s.

Tall tubular clear glass jar with no stopper. Black sealing substance around and over upper rim lip. One label: "Dalie. Bark of Myristica Sebifera. SW South America."



Specimen Jar: Ficus Bark

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Bark of Ficus cordifolia, 1886. Medium-sized heavy bottomed cylindrical clear glass specimen jar. Has four paper labels. The lip to rim is ground. Cork closure has black top.

Two labels: One is printed "BARK of Ficus cordifolia, Roxb.// GOBINDPORE, MANBHUM, INDIA // 182 - 1886 Col. & Ind. Exhib., 1886". Second label "India Museum".



Specimen Jar: Astralagus

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Matching Glass Closure and Paper Label: Astralagus verus. Jam jar sized clear glass specimen jar with neck and ground glass closure. Labelled "Astralagus verus et. spp. gum. leguminosae". Four labels.

Label text: 1) Museum of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, Astralagus Verus et.spp.Gum. Leguminosae. 2) Astralagus Verus, etc. (gummi) Nat. Ord. Leguminosaw commercial specimen presented by J. Collin 3) Edinburgh Collection 4) 35C9.



Specimen Jar: Barringtonia

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Barringtonia, 1887. Small clear glass jar, heavy bottomed. Lip on upper rim, glass ground on top of upper rim. Cork stopper with black top, now inside jar.

Printed paper label with small pink tick above date 1) "Barrington Sp. Christmas Island, Pacific 1887 Herb. Kew." 2) Handwritten: "Barringtonia Christmas Island Pacific Herb. Kew. 1887"



Specimen Jar: Amyris

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Oil of West Indian Sandal Wood Schimmel & Co, Leipzig, 1899. Small clear glass jar with a cork closure with black top. Heavy bottomed indent and lip on upper rim.

Label: "Oil of West Indian Sandal Wood" Amyris balsamifera, L. 48 - 1899. Messrs. Schimmel & Co. Leipzig". Label is on printed paper showing damage and remains of another label (handwritten). Brown crystalline residue under inner rim.



Specimen Jar: Salsola

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Roots of Salsola Kali, 1873. Large tall clear glass specimen jar. Heavy base with rim. Lip on upper rim. With cork closure with painted black top.

Label: 'ROOTS OF Salsola Kali, L. from which crude carbonate of soda is obtained by burning. BAGHDAD. 1873 W. H. COLVILL Esq.'



Specimen Jar: Eucalyptus

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Eucalyptus pauciflora, 1894. Small, narrow cylindrical glass jar, heavy base with rim. Large lip on upper rim. Cork closure with painted black top. Has two labels, one near rim and one vertical from base upward.

First paper label has no damage reads:"SHELLAC-LIKE KINO from // Eucalyptus pauciflora, Sieb. // Waleha, New South Wales // 103-1894 SIR F. von MUELLER". Second label pasted vertically along one side of jar has printed border and is handwritten as the first two lines on label 1. Jar contains small shards of shellac-like substance.



Specimen Jar: Strumarium

Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Cork Closure and Paper Label: Xanthium Strumarium, 1882. Small cylindrical clear glass specimen jar. Heavy base with lip. Small lip on upper rim, cork stopper (loose). Top of cork painted black, 2 labels.

Label 1) reads: "FRUITS of Xanthium Strumarium, L. Used in skin diseases, fevers and toothache. N. FORMOSA. 139 - 1882. T. WATTERS Esq."



Specimen Jar: Manihot

A tall glass specimen jar with a narrow lip and a deep flared base, and a glass closure with a flat low disc-like grip. The jar was originally used for plant specimens.

The printed sepia label reads "Manihot palmenta, Muell.Arg /Lagos 19-1981 J McNair Esq" The second, handwritten label on the other side of the jar reads; "Farinha from Sweet Cassova (Mani - word obliterated by tear), Pohl used as a food at Lagos JMcNair Esq 19-1891".


Specimen Jar: Blue Gum

Clear, glass specimen jar with cork closure for 'Fruits of the Blue Gum'. Handwritten label reads:'Fruits of the Blue Gum Tree / Eucalyptus Globulus, Labil / Australia, / T C Archer Esqr Printed label on other side reads the same.



Specimen Jar: Zanthoxylum

Small round glass specimen jar with black painted cork closure and lid at base. Many specks of specimen still stuck to the sides of the jar. Two paper labels, one typed, one handwritten.

Both labels read."Seeds of Zanthoxylum Bungei, plant they yield an oil which is used in medicine Peking, 21-.... Dr Beetschneider



Bynol Jar

Glazed Cream Earthenware Jar: 'Bynol', made by Allen & Hanbury's Ltd, Plough Court, Lombard Street, London, c. 1905.

Cream-coloured cylindrical jar with slightly smaller opening to body. Front is labelled with printed black text, "BYNOL" with "MALT AND OIL" white on black ground on banner centred.





Blue Light Water White Glass Carboy. Large pale blue tinted clear glass bottle with rounded body and slanted, rough edged rim, c.1900 (possibly earlier).

Bottle was hand-blown through the neck seen via raised swirl and shows snap off mark and swirl around neck. An oil swirl inside the bottle indicates that it once may have contained a light or carrier oil.



Porcelain Jar: Opiat

White Porcelain Apothecary Jar with Matching Conical 1Lid and Painted Label: OPIAT D'ENTIFRI, 19th Century.

Straight white shiny porcelain jar with ridged top and bottom. Conical tapering lid with worn gold paint on half of knob. Label is in capital script. Part of a set of 5 French, white porcelain, specie jars all with gold coloured lettering and decor label and bands on lids. Each is labelled individually, all have one unworn gold band central on lid in common.




Porcelain Jar: D:Amere

White Porcelain Apothecary Jar with Matching Conical Lid with Painted Label: EXT: DE D: AMERE, 19th Century.

Straight white shiny porcelain jar with ridged top and bottom. Tapering lid with worn gold paint on top half of knob title in capitals script. Part of a set of five French white porcelain, specie jars.

The gold painted label EXT: DE D: AMERE translates as: Extract of Germander and Absinthe.



Porcelain Jar: Quinque

White Porcelain Apothecary Jar with Matching Conical Lid and Painted Label: EXT. DE QUINQUE (French), 19th Century.

Tall white porcelain jar, cylindrical. Ridged band near top and base. Conical lid with top knob. Gold coloured painted lettering, reads: "EXT:DE QUINQE" with shield and foliage design. One of a set of five French, white porcelain, specie jars.

EXT: DE QUINQUE translates as: 'Extract of Quinque' - Extract of Quinine.



Porcelain Jar: Pill Mass

19th century

White Porcelain Apothecary Jar with Matching Conical Lid and Painted Label: MASSE DE PIL: DE FUL, 19th century.

White porcelain cylindrical jar. Conical lid with knob - small ribbed band near top lip + base. Gilded shield and foliage design, two gold bands on jar, 2 gold bands on lid and knob half painted. Gilded inscription reads: "MASSE PIL: DE FUL:" One of a set of five white porcelain, specie jars.

"MASSE PIL: DE FUL:" translates as 'Pill Mass'. Pill mass is a mixture of drugs with an excipient (binding material) such as glucose or sugar syrup.



Porcelain Jar: Opiat

White Porcelain Apothecary Jar with Matching Lid and Painted Label: OPIAT DE SALOM, 19th century. White porcelain cylindrical jar with a conical lid topped by a knob. Small ridged band near top lip+ base. Gilded inscription reads "OPIAT DE SALOM".

OPIAT DE SALOM translates as Opiata Salomonis - an electuary made of medicinal compounded powders combined with a sweet binder. Part of a set of 5 French, white porcelain, specie jars all with gold coloured lettering, decorative label and bands on lids.




Bottle: Vigor Tonic

Clear Glass Rectangular Bodied Bottle with Matching Square Grip Closure and Paper Label: Vigor Tonic. Medium sized rectangular bodied bottle with matching square grip closure and paper label on narrow face. White label has red ink upper and lower banding and central white text reading "Dr Williams Vigor Tonic".

Bottle made in mould by maker initials "UGB" and moulded in base with size -"C10". Closure is removable. Dates c.1950-60.




Bottle: Alumin

Water White Glass Squared Bottle with Matching Square Grip Closure and Paper Label: Liq Alumin Acet. B.P.C. Contains white residue, c.1940.

Maker's mark of two modified "J" symbols is embossed in the moulded glass on the base.




Six Glass Closures

Six different sized water white glass stoppers with round grips.

Loaned By: Penfold Collection

(1999:030P a-f)


Three Bottle Closures

Three Clear glass stoppers with T shaped grip, different sizes. All with drilled holes through the stopper.

Loaned By: Penfold Collection

(1999:30P a-c)


Six Bottle Closures

Six Yellow Glass Bottle Closures,with Round Flat Grip. 2 have rims around the perimeter of the top, the other with hollow stoppers. Inscription on rimmed stopper: "Patent no.117403.3E.".

Loaned By: Penfold Collection



Bottle Closures

Nine clear glass stoppers with a heart-shaped grip, nozzle beneath the top. Have a ridge going from the nozzle downwards, another ridge on the other side of the stopper.

Loaned By: Penfold Collection

(1999:30P d)


Bottle Closures

Glass Bottle stoppers with hollow facetted tops, with flat edged top to grip. Inscriptions on stoppers: "C10"(x6), "J", "EXELO"(x3), "C12"

Loaned By: Penfold Collection



Fifteen Bottle Closures

Fifteen glass bottle stoppers with flat , trapezium shaped tops. Two with hollow stoppers.

Loaned By: Penfold collection

(1999:030P f)



Shop Round: Scurvy Grass

Brown glass bottle with flat stopper. White ribbon label painted "Spir. Cochleariae" in black letters. Thin orange band around inner edge of label - gold around outside of label, c. 1880.

Has '26' hand etched on centre front of neck with '45M' or '45 U' painted in pink on base. Bottle is hand blown with ground pontil in base with shallow kick. 'Spir. Cochleariae' translates as Spirit of Cochleariae, which is Spirit of Scurvy Grass.




Box Of Labels

Small Box of Labels, likely 1920-40. Tiny, shiny red paper covered cardboard box with stuck on label, text is printed in blue printed two line border; "1/2 oz cover glasses / 7/8" x 7/8" (inches) No. 1 (size) each has printed two line border.

Distinctive slanted handscript over 'No. 1' . Under 7/8" says 'Penfold'. Box appears full, containing buff gummed labels, unused . Made in France (printed on base), maker unknown.

Loaned by Penfold Collection



Bottle: Garton

Oval clear glass bottle with unusual flat closure. Slightly blue-tinted glass bottle. Flat closure with stem inside bottle. Reads "Garton's" on circular top.




Dark green glass carboy with long neck, c. 1780.



Ribbed Bottle

Dark Green Square Bottle with Cork Closure. A dark green bottle with curved shoulders and three ribbed sides. "Raz" and "6" are molded onto the base with an arrow.



Shop Round: Saline

Clear glass jar with wide grip stopper with gold bordered glass covered label: TAB: SALINE. Wide Rectangular Grip Closure, likely to date from 1960s.

Purchased from a man who said it was from one of the Newcastle hospitals. Purchased for label for displays, as unifies pharmacy with operating theatre via salt reference (saline use etc after 1960s) - looks new with old style label, but not repro. These shop rounds are not usually found in theatres perhaps more likely to be found in a hospital pharmacy store.



Shop Round: Pulv Opii

Unusually tall, wide-necked clear glass bottle with label reading "Pulv. Opii". No closure

Pharmaceutical jar for Pulv. Opii - Opium Powder



Jar: Quassiae

Large clear glass, hexagonal faced jar with conical, round, ball grip and ribboned paper label: LIQ. QUASSIAE. British Made is embossed onto base.

The banner-like label has black print on white ground, with a decorative border on the sides. Lower edge reads; "LIQ QUASSIAE". "LIQ" is on a separate square of paper stuck to the label. Moulded with two (or 3) joins, with prominent seams from the top of the neck to its centre, around the centre of the neck and down the bottle, over its shoulders. Green coloured staining at the bottom.


Bottle: The Mixture

Glass bottle with paper label on one side with pointed and handwritten text. Other side is mould. Marked for 'tablespoons'. Bottle has cork closure and is for "The Mixture", by Herbert Williams Ltd.

Label reads "Shake the Bottle / The Mixture" [printed]. "One Tablespoon in water to be taken three times a day or in meals" [blue handwriting] "Dispensed by / Herbert Williams, Ltd / Family and Dispensing Chemists / 31 Heath St. Hampstead, NW3 / Telephone No 1152, Hampstead" [printed]


Shop Round: Children's Pastilles

Water white glass shop round with narrow shoulders, a wide neck and a multi-faceted glass closure. The label reads "Children's Throat & Chest Pastilles". It is coming away from the bottle and has slipped down from its original place.


Bottle: Lemon Oil

White water glass shop round with a short neck and wide shoulders. It has a glass closure with a square grip. It contained Ol. Citronellae, or Lemon Oil.




Specimen Jar: Hibiscus

Large clear glass plant specimen jar. Cylindrical with two paper labels and cork lid. One label printed, one handwritten for hibiscus fruits. C. 1860.

Main printed label has another smaller handwritten one opposite:"FRUITS OF HIBISCUS ESCULENTUS . 1 // FERNANDO PO. // DR BAIKIES NIGER EXPEDITION //G. MANN ESQ: 1860".



Specimen Jar: Coachwood Gum

Small Water White Glass Plant Specimen Jar with Matching Glass Closure and Paper Label: Ceratopetalum Apetalum

Small plant specimen jar with two labels, one printed (illustrated) overlapping handscripted one. 19th century.




Specimen Jar: Ficus Elastica

Large clear glass cylindrical specimen jar with two paper labels (one half loose inside ) with removable cork lid with black coating. For Rubber from Ficus Elastica, c. 1885.

Handwritten label is in two halves - bottom scripted ERNEST (hard to read likely FLOYER). White powdery residue inside, perhaps from 'lac' / milk of rubber.



Specimen Jar:"Manna Gum"

Small cylindrical jar with removable cork stopper: water white glass plant specimen jar for Manna Gum, 1891.




Specimen Jar: Centaurea

Small clear glass plant specimen jar with glass closure labelled for Centaurea Behen Root. 19th century.

Jar has one label on the front and two labels on the back: label on front: "CENTAUREA BEHEN // ROOT NAT. ORD. COMPOSITAE // MUSEUM OF THE PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN Labels on the back: 1. CENTAUREA BEHEN // WHITE BEHEN // IND. MUS. Closure has round label on top which reads: "CENTAUR BEHEN, IND. MUS."



Specimen Jar: Anagyris

Small clear glass plant specimen jar with glass stopper for Anagyris Foetida Fruit, 1880s.

Has one label on the front and one on the back: label on front: ANAGYRIS FOETIDA FRUIT // 1 NAT. ORD. LEGUMINOSAE // MUSEUM OF THE PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN 57 ". Both numbers on label are handwritten. The label on back is marked "19 G 4".



Specimen Jar: Eucommia

Small clear glass plant specimen jar with cork stopper and paper label for Extract from twigs of eucommia ulmoides, 19th century.





Blue Bottle

Medium sized dark blue wide necked 19th century glass bottle (with cork inside).




Shop Round: Lavender

Large sized chemists' clear glass jar (medium), recessed gold banding glass covered label 'TINCT: LAVAND: CO:' with square grip closure.

Label reads: "Tinct: Lavand: Co:" - a chemists' jar for Tincture of Compound Lavender, c. 1880.



Poison Bottle

Hexagonal sided, narrow neck green glass poison bottle, early 20th century. Half of six sides fluted, half smooth

Moulded glass, as can see at shoulders and on neck. Fluted Glass indicates dangerous contents post 1890s.



Mellin's Bottle

Mellin's Infant Food Jar. Clear, greenish tint glass bottle with raised, moulded text label. Late 19th/ early 20th century.

Early baby food jar, sold closed with seal.



Medicine Bottle

Glass Bottle for Granulate Citrate of Magnesia, late 19th century.

Flat-fronted bottle of dark blue glass that holds 8oz of material (embossed in base).




Shop Round:Matico

Blue light glass shop round with clear glass square grip closure and paper label:TR MATICO made by York Glass Company, (Y C & Co), late 19th century.




Creamware Jar

Cylindrical straight sided, cream glazed jar with matching lid. Has small 'Art Nouveau' style transfer print under glaze as a maker's mark label on lower quarter of jar, one side. Made by/for Duncan Flockhart & Co (famous medical supplier company), c. 1905.

When purchased, the jar had obviously contained cocoa butter.



Glycerine Bottle

Brown Glass bottle with cork stopper and paper labels, modern looking, red border around front label for 'Glycerinum'. A small paper label on cork reads 'Burbidge', c. 1932.

Bottle has two labels . Front: "Standard pharm / Glycerinum BP 1932 / Burgoyne, (Burbidges & Co Ltd / London / Est 1741/ Dose 60 -120 minima (4-8 mils). Back label, small, red and black colour print, is slapped on at an angle and has two tears and number 201144. Label on cork reads 'Burbidge'. Glycerine is a modern pharmaceutical 'carrier' base for making pills, cough linctus etc.




Ceramic Licorice Jar

Earthenware Jar labelled for Licorice Powder. Jar marked C&B, Label for W.C. Grice. Probably c. 1940.

Squat ceramic jar (like a honey pot). Has slightly orange coloured paper over opening and tied as a lid. Paper label reads 'COMPOUND / LICORICE POWDER/ W. C. GRICE, M. P. S / DISPENSING CHEMIST, / TELEPHONE 5426. NANTWICH".

Nantwich is near Crewe, nearest city probably Manchester. Liquorice root is processsed pharmaceutically for pill coating, flavourings etc.





Glazed brown earthenware jug with handle with pattern on upper third. Four ridges on handle. Cork would close bottle. 20th century, possibly older.

Hand made 'beer' type jug of type that has been made this way by same process since 18th Century. Has finger mark impression under handle. Pattern is made of wheeled rings(looks like abstract sign script, cuniform etc).




Bottle: Glycerine and Tannin

Glycerine and Tannin Bottle, c. 1880. Clear glass bottle with raised white shield shaped label with worn indented gold border. Label reads ' Glycerin. et Tannin'. Has separate inner pourer/funnel and a flat bottom glass cup which fits over the top. Three pieces to bottle.

Hand blown bottle - pouring lip has been hand pinched into the glass.




Poison Bottle

Green glass poison bottle with hexagonal body, early 20th century. Three sides smooth glass with other half fluted. Neck is wide and cylindrical, smooth glass with a ridge as a lip.

Moulded glass noticeable at shoulders and on neck. Size or mould number 8 moulded in base.



Bottle:Root Pills

Chemist's Bottle for Morse's Indian Root Pills. Small brown glass bottle with rectangular body and text: 'MORSES INDIAN ROOT PILLS" raised vertically along front face, c. 1910.

Dose............" moulded on one side of bottle.




Shop Round: Gentian

19th century clear glass shop round, medium size with rectangular top to stopper. Inset gold border label "Tinct : Gent : Co". (Compound Tincture of Gentian) Brown inside. Residue in bottom.

Compound Tincture of Gentian is prepared by macerating gentian 10 g., dried bitter orange peel 3.75 g., and cardamom seed 1.25 g, with alcohol (45%) 100 ml.



Shop Round: Quinine

Late 19th/early 20th century clear glass shop round, medium sized with rectangular topped stopper. Labelled for Tincture Of Quinine Ammonia




Shop Round: Benzine

Water White Glass Shop Round with Broken Glass Covered Label 'Benzi.. Pur' made by York Glass Company (YC& Co), late 19th century/early 20th century.

Labelled for Pure benzine.




Shop Round: Aqua Mellis

Clear glass shop round with coated paper (yellowed), 19th Century. Label stuck onto it for Aqua Mellis (Honey Water). Gold and red border. Slightly irregular shaped rectangular stopper. Some liquid inside.



Shop Round: Chlorodyne

Medium sized clear glass shop round with recessed glass covered label for Troch Chlorody (Lozenge or Pastille of Chlorodyne). Wide neck and broad stopper. Late 19th, possibly early 20th century.

Moulded body and stopper: Man Son & Thompson trade mark and three rings.Paper label on base - handwriting reads 3(3d)? and 3/6 1b.



Shop Round: Camphor

Medium size clear glass wide neck shop round with Tro. Camph. Co glass covered label. For compound of camphor lozenges, 19th century. Faint powder residue inside curved grooves vertically to stopper corners.



Shop Round: Cayenne Lozenges

Clear glass shop round with brown paper label for cayenne and blackcurrant lozenges, 19th century. About one third full of lozenges. Med. wide necked round with wide stopper with scooped corner edges.

Contents and label made by Allen & Hanburys Ltd London.



Shop Round: Zinc Oxide

Clear glass shop round, medium sized, with recessed label with glass cover, late 19th/early 20th century. Reads 'Zinci Oxid'. Wide mouthed neck with wide rectangular stopper. White residue inside bottle and neck. Stopper not removable. Tiny piece of Zinc oxide loose inside.

Similar to 1995:013. Rounds No 1999:013 - 016 outwardly similar (014, 015 pair)



Shop Round: Aqua Menth

Smoked glass medium sized shop round with recess and paper label (no cover) reading 'Aqua Menth Pip'. Has removable square and taper stopper. Has 1960s look about it.

Similar in style/size to 1995:010/011. Aqua Menth Pip is peppermint water/water of peppermint.



Shop Round: Tro Zingib

Large clear glass shop round with recessed area for label, late 19th/early 20th century. Glass cover has gone from plastic type coating on label with gold and red line border. Reads 'Tro Zingib'. Square and taper stopper (not removable).

Tro Zingib = troches of ginger/ginger lozenges - lozenges of ginger.



Shop Round: Eucalyptus

Large clear glass shop round with wide neck and wide rectangular stopper, 19th century. Label, reading "Tro. Ol. Eucalypt" is pasted onto glass. Half a brown label on the back reads: 'Red Gum' in handscript. Contains eucalyptus white lozenges in good separated condition. Stopper not removable.

Snap/cut off mark in base has a tiny bubble in it, and is likely to be of handblown glass. Tro. Ol. Eucalypt = Troche of oil of eucalyptus/oil of eucalyptus lozenges or lozenge(s) of oil of eucalyptus. Part of a set of 5 (020-024incl).



Shop Round: Tro Ipecac

Late 19th century large clear glass shop round with wide neck and rectangular top stopper which is removable. Label stuck onto glass, reads faintly "Tro. Ipecac B.P".

Neat snap off point. Probably hand blown. Tro. Ipecac = "Troches (lozenges) of Ipecacuanha plant". Used to treat coughs and as an emetic. Part of set of 5 (020-024incl).



Shop Round: Ferri

Large clear glass shop round with wide neck and rectangular wide stopper, late 19th century. Paper label yellow arching shape. Black script: 'Ferri et Quinae Ci (then looks like 't' but label torn - probably reads "Citras"). Over half full of shiny brown flakes.

Loaned By: Mr Horne, Guy's Hospital



Shop Round: Tro. Eucalypt.

Medium size glear glass bottle with wide neck and stuck on label 'Tro. Eucalypt G.' Wide rectangular top stopper (removable). Has tiny chip just off centre top edge. 19th century.

Stopper has moulded mark inside of sharp cornered 4 symbol. One of a set of 5 (1995:020-024 inc). Snap off mark so is hand blown glass. Jar for pastilles of eucalyptus (gum?).



Shop Round: White Label

Clear glass bottle with wide neck and rectangular top ground glass stopper. Paper label missing. White background and bits of border remain. Ground glass edge stopper removable. C. 1880.

Hand blown glass with neat ground pontil. Without label but has a light demerera sugar inside base, therefore likely to be a troche or pastille jar. One of a set of 5 (1995:020-024 incl.)



Shop Round: Ether Nitrate

Large clear glass shop round with square grip closure stopper (curved base to stopper). Tiny star where is gripped as with (1995:024). Inset label reads SPT:AETH:NIT (Spirit of Ether Nitrate). Late 19th/early 20th century, made by Manson & Thompson. One of a set of 5 (1995:020,024 incl.)



Shop Round: Aq Carui

Large clear glass shop round with squared onto (removable) round shouldered stopper, recessed for label. Label is under 'plastic' over glass beneath "AQ CARUI" (Aqua Caraway - water of caraway). Made by Mawson & Thompson, late 19th/early 20th century.



Shop Round: Spt Amm Co

Large clear glass shop round with squared stopper, domed at base. Tiny star on grip of stopper. Label inset recessed gold border: SPT:AM:CO label at back (Spirit of Ammonia (Dry) Compound). White residue inside. Made by Mawson & Thompson, late 19th/early 20th century.



Shop Round Curved Label

Clear glass bottle with worn painted arched label, and unusual large blown stopper, 19th century. Stopper is not perfectly fitted, could have been added to bottle at some point. Snap off/cut mark shows it is blown glass.



Shop Round: Vini. R.

Large clear glass bottle with recess and damaged label and part cover. Label reads (worn) Vini. R. Square with taper ground glass stopper with tiny star moulded into it (removable). Made by Mawson & Thompson, late 19th century.



Shop Round: Spirits of Wine

Clear flint glass shop round with worn pasted-on plastic label: Spt. Vini. translates as Spirits of Wine. Irregular pouring lip. Closure has square grip with ground glass stopper and embossed star on one side (centre). Stopper not removable. Late 19th/early 20th century.

Additioanl browned paper label at back reads: "Eau de cologne // FW Doubleday // Dispensing and Family Chemist // 78 High Street // Dorking". Slightly brown residue in base. Exceptionally heavy for size and likely to be lead glass.



Shop Round: Cinchona

Small clear glass shop round. Tinct. cinchon(ae) (Tinture of Chincona). Label in shield shape directly painted onto glass. 19th century.

Cinchona bark is known to regulate fever via the quinine it contains and is still of particular value in modern research for the effective treatment of malaria.



Shop Round: Valerian

Small clear glass shop round with recessed label and glass cover for 'Tinct: Valerian' (tincture of valerian root). Square with taper into rounded stopper. Late 19th/early 20th century. Valerian is a sedative, and is still used today as a remedy for insomnia.

One of set with1995: 034, 035



Shop Round: Ol. Menth

Small clear glass shop round with recessed label with glass cover: Ol:Menth:P: (Oil of Peppermint) with square and taper stopper which is removable. Late 19th/early 20th century. Peppermint used, among other things, to ease digestion.

Glass is moulded. Makers' mark raised in base - could be CJW (tiny bubble by C). Matches objects (1995:033,035)



Shop Round: Hamamel

Clear glass bottle with square and taper ground glass. Removable stopper. Recessed glass covered label: Tinct: Hamamel (Tincture of Witch Hazel (Hamamelis)). Late 19th/early 20th century.

Witch Hazel is an astringent and antiseptic. Could be rubbed on cuts, bruises, insect bites, and aching muscles and joints. Taken internally to treat a variety of ailments, including colds, menstrual cramps, and to stop hemorrhaging and heavy menstrual bleeding. Poultices, soaked in a decoction of bark, were used by Native Americans to treat tumors and inflammations, especially of the eye. The Cherokee and Iroquois, used as a tea from the leaves or bark to treat coughs, colds, fevers, and sore throats.



Shop Round

Late 19th century clear glass bottle with ground glass inner neck, no stopper.



Shop Round: Pot. Iodid.

Clear glass bottle with wide neck and wide rectangular top stopper. Recessed glass with label with glass cover: Pot: Iodid: (Potassium Iodide). Late 19th/early 20th century. Similar to 1995:038

Used as an expectorant, potassium iodide eases lung congestion and sore throats.



Shop Round: Potassium Chloride

Clear glass bottle with wide neck and rectangular top ground glass stopper. Recessed label with white background and red and gold border: Tab:Pot:Chlor: (tablets of potassium chloride). Late 19th/early 20th century.

Similar to 1995:037



Shop Round: Aqua

Clear glass shop round with recess label space and paper label. No cover on label, paper direct on glass : Aqua (water - presumably distilled/purified). Ground glass square and taper stopper is removable. Has a modern/1960s look



Shop Round: Aq. Auranti

Clear 19th century glass bottle with square stopper and pasted on label: Aq. Auranti. Fl (Orange Flower Water (Citrus Aurantium)) and 2nd small brown label beneath it. Stopper not removable.

Snap off mark in base so hand blown.

Orange flower water usually used in perfumes, although medically it was reputed to possess antispasmodic virtues.



Shop Round

Clear glass shop round with square and taper stopper. Ground glass with tiny raised star central. Residue of white of label but none present. Cement bottom (shows in recess). Mawson & Thompson trademark, late 19th/early 20th century.



Shop Round

Clear glass shop round, body only, 20th century.




Jar: King Pi

Small clear bottle with round round grip closure. Paper label for Cercis Chenensis/King Pi.

The jar appears to be moulded and has one large label with chinese characters: "Ching Pi // Chinese Name: King Pi // Botanical Name: Vitex Licisa // Medicinal Uses: Used in headache, catarrah and watery eye // Singapore College" // Smaller label: // Chercis Chinencis // King Pi // Nat. Ord. Legumininosae // Museum of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain".




Angostura Bitters Bottle

A mould-made glass bottle with raised moulded lettering on the shoulders, reading "Dr JGB Siegert and Sons". The base base reads "Angostura Bitters 1378".

The recipe for Angostura Bitters was developed in 1824 by German Dr. Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Siegert, a Surgeon General in Simon Bolivar's army in Venezuela. He was based in Ciudad Bolívar, then known as Angostura, and used local ingredients. The remedy was supposed to have restorative properties, with Caribbean folklore often claiming it could raise people from near death.

(see Wikipedia for more information).




Bottle: Heroin Elixir

White glass medicine bottle with square grip closure. Front of squared sides has two labels, one has white ground, one red. Main label reads Elixir Heroin Hyd. Conc.. Lower smaller red label reads 'Poison' plus text. Made by F.M. Rimmington & Son, Bradford. Early 20th century.



Shop Round: Rosae

Large clear glass shop round with inset label with gold ground and black text on white for 'GLYC: ET AQ: ROSAE' (Glycerine and Rose Water) with glass cover. Ground glass stopper with square white glass grip. Moulded but irregular line under pouring lip. c 1895-1905.



Shop Round: Bromidia

Small green glass shop round with fluted body and recessed label: 'Bromidia' on red ground with white border + gold edge and glass cover. Round closure is a stopper with an attractive hollow ball-shaped grip in smooth green glass. Late 19th century.

Y G Co in chamfered point triangle moulded in base (York Glass Company). Fluted sides indicate poison bottle. Bromide prescribed for sedation. (During 2nd World War, soldiers had Bromide in their tea). Stopped sexual'excitement'.

Donated By: Donated by Mr Robert Howell and Mrs Dawn Howell




Shop Round: Viburnum

Clear glass shop round with paper label, reads 'Teinture de Viburnum' background in gold. Bottle has cork and then tin cup over the top with red and black bands. Red lumpy residue inside base. 2 labels on back. Late 19th century.

Is one of pair with 1996:017, although they have different necks when caps removed. This one has narrow neck (for tinctures), other has wide neck to get pastilles out.

Tincture of Viburnum Bark was used as an antispasmodic and to treat asthma.



Shop Round: Soude

Clear glass French shop round with paper labels. Front reads 'Pastilles Benzoate Soude' (Sodium Benzoate Pastilles). Background gold. Bottle has wide neck (pair 1996:016 has narrow) and is corked with cup over the top with red and black painted banding. Residue in base and shoulder to left front. Late 19th century.

Label on back for 'poudre amygdaline' (almond-like powder - amygdalin, from the seeds of the tree prunis dulcis, was known as "bitter almonds").



Small Virol Jar

Small glazed earthenware jar with rounded body tapering to base. Front is press printed with ovate black text 'Virol', c. 1906.

Label reads from top: 'The/ideal food/(Virol in oval shape) Virol/A preparation of/Bone-Marrow/An ideal fat food/for children/& invalids'.




Large Virol Jar

Rounded earthenware jar with fat body tapering to base and label print (impressed) in black on the front in oval band. Has a letter "D" on the base. Label reads "THE// IDEAL FOOD// Virol // A PREPARATION OF // BONE MARROW // AN IDEAL FAT FOOD // FOR CHILDREN // & INVALIDS

Larger version to (1997:022), dated by smaller one as 1906. This may be earlier. This is probably for sale to the household ie domestic but concept via hospital recommendations, diets for recovery etc.




Boracic Acid Bottle

Round glass, wide-necked bottle with no stopper. Label reads "Boracic Acid"

A mild acid, boracic acid has antiseptic properties.




Accident Proof Bottle

Large brown bottle with matt finish, due to 'Surfisil' coating. Red plastic octagonal edged closure. C. 1960s.

Purchased from a lab man who said these bottles were especially designed for holding toxic contents, so that if dropped and bottle breaks, the surrounding 'jacket' of 'Surfisil'* holds liquid safely.



Brown Bottle

Brown glass chemical bottle with octagonal edge glass stopper. Unused laboratory equipment, purchased with 2001:055. C. 1960s.



Ceramic Jar: Picis

White glazed ceramic apothecary jar with mauve band around body and glass covered inset label with gold border, reads UNG:PICIS:LIQ. It has a loose flat top black painted metal lid with centre knob (Japanned lid). One of pair with 2001:058. Wider base edge and rim. C. 1880.

UNG:PICIS:LIQ = Liquid Unguent of Tar, or Tar Ointment. This type of jar often has conical ceramic lid, and were seen in lines in Victorian chemists. Jar made by York Glass Company. Ointment used as a detergent "in cutaneous foulness" (A Supplement to the Pharmacopoeia Samuel Frederick Gray, 1828).



Linseed Bottle

Rectangular glass bottle for Linseed Compound, Kay Brothers, Stockport. A clear glass mould made bottle with a cork closure. Moulded glass lettering on the side reads "Linseed Compound//Trademark//Kay Brothers Ltd//Stockport"

"Linseed Compound" was a Trade Mark of Kay's Compound Essence of Linseed for Coughs and Colds (ref. 1907).




Coffee Essence Bottle

A square sided jar with no closure, made of thick glass with moulded lettering on each side. The lettering reads, lengthways, "Patterson's//Essence of//Coffee//Sample". The base is slightly indented.

Essence of Coffee was sold as an "instant" hot drink - hot water could be added to make coffee quickly and conveniently. First developed by Thomas Symington in the second half of the 19th century.





Medium size brown glazed jug with yellow swirl pattern in glaze. Slipware jug made by Kennington (K.P.B). 19th century.




Lemon Oil Bottle

Squared water white shop round with square stopper, c.1890. Rectangular body with white capital script label "Ol. Limonis" (Lemon Oil) on narrow side. Contains c. 1cm of yellow liquid.



Bay Rum Bottle

Large squared body shop round with capital script label of white letters - "Bay Rum" - on narrower side with squared stopper. Ground inner neck. C. 1880.

Bay rum was multi-purpose within the old hospital. Later predominately used on hair by barbers.



Copper Jug

Large fat bellied Georgian copper one gallon jug with narrower, shallow cylindrical band above base and large hollow handle.

Hand beaten. Maker's mark (?) of a small hand with diagonal cross on the palm stamped on the base section (bottom of solder seam down back of jug). The back seam shows dovetail and solder construction.




Large copper tankard tapering from base to narrower lip. Large handle with silver metal strip at higher join. Heavy base.

Very similar in shape and syle, although probably later than, the Georgian jug (1996:018). Georgian tankards were, in the main, more irregular in construction, this may be a good quality reproduction.




Majolica Jar

Majolica Jar with Carrying Loops: Tinc.Di.Opio. White glazed ceramic jar/bottle with painted design and label reads; 'Tinct. Di Opio' in heraldic decoration with fox/wolf in top half of shield with blue ribbons. Four handles horizontal on shoulders to jar, two either side of double holes. ie for two rope to loop through.

Possibly reproduction, 20th century. May have had little actual use but some wear is evident. Containers were made in the same style as this for the last 400 years. 'Tinc di opio'= Tincture of opium. Loops around body were to hold rope loop to carry jar around for carriage on a horse or donkey saddle. St Thomas' Hospital commonly used tincture of opium as a post-operative medication for patients.




Smelling Salts

Two brown glass smelling salts bottles with black plastic caps & black paper label on front & back. Printed white on black ground, c. 1940s.

(a)Text label front:"Dr.Mackenzie//Brand//For Catarrh Cold in the head.Hay fever.Nervous head ache and Faintness//Smelling bottle//Screw cap on tightly after use//Anti catarrah"

Donated By: Caroline Woodley & Diana Dyke

(2002:086H(a,b) )



Poison Bottle

Octagonal Brown Glass Bottle with Plug Closure and Paper Label: Picric Acid. "Milton" raised in base. Likely 1940s.

Probably used as antiseptic, perhaps for burns, as was inside dressings box containing burn dressings.

Donated By: Caroline Woodley / Diana Dyke (ref.Harrison)

(2002:089H(f) )


Leech Jar

Water White Glass Stemmed Leech Jar with Circular Cut Decoration. Large clear glass stemmed goblet with two rings of decorative circular cuts around bowl and base. 19th century, possibly earlier.



Leech Jar

Stemmed Spherical Water White Glass Leech Jar, 19th century. Spherical glass with extending straight lip on stem.



Leech Bowl

19th century Water White Glass Leech Jar. Medium size clear glass spherical bowl, like a traditional goldfish bowl with wide neck and flared lip. Heavily indented base.




Shop Round: Tragacanth

Water White Glass Shop Round with Matching Rectangular Grip Closure and Glass Covered Label: Gum Tragacanth. Made by York Glass Company, c. 1890s.

Clear glass shop round with slightly damaged inset glass covered label with gold edge: "GUM: ...AGACAN". Has matching rectangular grip closure which is removable.

Gum Tragancanth is the gum of the Astragalus Gummifer (and other) species native of the Middle East, especially Turkey and Syria. The gum is taken in liquid form from the incised stems of the plant which are then dried into flakes for storage. Pharmaceutically it was used mainly as a suspending, binding or thickening agent for making pills, emulsions, syrups.



Bottle: Fennings

Blue Glass Bottle with Moulded text label: "Fennings' Fever Curer", c. 1910.

Square bodied, round necked pale blue glass bottle with raised lettering as label vertically on the front: "Fennings' Fever Curer". No closure (would have been corked).

Domestic off the shelf product available circa 1880 - 1930.



Shop Round: Anti Cholera

Large Water White Glass Shop Round with Octagonal Faceted Closure Labelled: "Anti Cholera" / "Diarrhoea mixture", c. 1905.

This is a wide neck 'troche/lozenge' type jar. The label is likely to be for narrow neck jar, so has been applied to wrong type of bottle.



Medicine Bottle

Two Water White Glass Medicine Bottles, One with Cork Closure, One with Matching Square Grip Closure and Paper Label: 'Oil of Clove'. Bottle (o) Maw & Sons; Bottle (p) De Witt, 1880s.




Shop Round: Cinchonae

Clear small sized, glass narrow necked bottle with a round faceted closure. Has a white ground, shield shaped painted label. White painted crest-shaped label with black lettering which reads: TINCT. CINCHONAE, c. 1880.

Label reads: "TINCT. CINCHONAE" which is Tincture of Cinchona (Bark). Cinchona bark is known by many different names: The Bark, Peruvian Bark, Jesuit's Bark and was one of the most widely valued fever treatments of the past. Cinchona bark is known to regulate fever via the quinine it contains and is still of particular value in modern research for the effective treatment of malaria.



Medicine Bottle

Rectangular Faced Water White Glass Medicine Bottle. Tall square sided narrow necked clear glass drug bottle, without closure or label, c. 1900.



Bottle: Blood Mixture

Blue Light Glass Bottle with Moulded Text Label: "Blood Mixture", made by Clarke's, Lincoln, c. 1900. Blue light moulded glass bottle without stopper. Octagonal section with recessed panels. Lettering stamped in relief across front face.



Poison Bottle

Small hexagonal green glass poison bottle with three sides of vertical fluting. Mould-made with cork stopper. Ribbed sides indicated poisonous contents.




Shop Round: Card. Co.

Large Water White Glass Shop Round with Circular Grip Closure and Inset Glass Covered Label: Tinct. Card. Co, c. 1860.

TINCT: CARD: CO. translates as Tincture of Cardiac Confection which is used for the stomach. Cardiac Confection is listed in St Thomas' Pharmacopoiea 1772.



Shop Round:Cinchona

Water White Glass Shop Round with Recessed Glass Covered label for Powdered Red Cinchona Bark and Broad Grip Glass Closure.

Label reads: Pulv:Cinch:Rub which translates as Powdered Red Cinchona (bark). Red cinchona bark has the strongest medical action of the cinchona trees, all of which were known by many different names: The Bark, Red Bark, Peruvian Bark, Jesuit's Bark, all known and valued as a fever treatment of the past. Used in powder form, cinchona is known to regulate fever by action of the quinine it contains and it is still of value in modern research for the effective treatment of malaria.



Shop Round: Antiseptic Gums

Large Wide Necked Water White Glass Shop Round with White Crest Label: "Antiseptic Gums". Large clear glass wide necked shop round, with painted white ground label: "Antiseptic // Gums // (2d per oz) // Dr Browse's Formula". No closure. C. 1890.





Large Clear Glass Bottle With Square Closure, 1960s.

Wide shop round style bottle with no label and string tied around square glass stopper. The number "90" is marked on base of bottle with concentric circles of raised dots.



Specimen Jar: Nicotiana

Clear Glass Plant Specimen Jar With Paper Label: Nicotiana Tabacum, late 19th century.

A tall, large glass specimen jar with a wide rounded lip and flared base, and a cork closure. The jar originally contained plant specimens. Label placed beneath the lip, reads: "Fruits, leaves and stems of Tumbaku Nicotiana Tabacum // Shiraz District // 24 - 1891 J H Casson // (114)". Label has no border - is simply paper typed and glued onto glass. Label says 1891 which is the probable date of original specimen (not in jar) and jar is likely to be older than this.



Specimen Jar: Castor Oil

Glass Plant Specimen Jar - "Castor Oil Seeds", c. 1890.

Brown medium glass jar for "Castor Oil Seed". Plant specimen jar with badly fitting cork and black painted top. Two labels on white paper, one on each side. One is handwritten, reading "Castor Oil Seeds". The other printed and reads, "CASTOR OIL SEEDS // Ricinus Communis, L. // GYAH, E. INDIES."



Plant Specimen Jar: Cusparia Bark

Glass Plant Specimen Jar With Paper Label For Cusparia Bark , 1870s.

Typed label reads: "CUSPARIA OR CHUSPA BARK, / Galipea officinalis Hancock / PROVINCE OF ANGOSTURA, VENEZUELA / F.W.Birschell, Esq". Handwritten label has two-line border and chamfered corners. "c. 1896" is pencilled in top right. Written in maroon handscript: "Cusparia, or Chuspa Bark / Galipea Cusparia, Aug de (5th?) Hib(?) / Prov. of Angostura Venezuela / Mr F.W.Birschell". Contains trace of brown powder.





Heart shaped blue glass carboy with neck. Narrows towards base and opening has protruding lip, c. 1900.



Specimen Jar: Ordeal Bark

Tall Clear Glass Specimen Jar With Cork Closure and Paper Label: Ordeal Bark, 1878.

The jar originally contained plant specimens. It has two labels: The printed label, partially peeled off and crumpled, though intact, reads; "Ordeal Bark//Erythrophlaeum guineense, G.Don.//Lake Nyassa//1878 (E, in pencil) Dr Laws" The handwritten label, on the other side of the jar, reads, "Ordeal bark//Erythrophlaeum guineense//Lake Nyassa//Dr Laws 1878".



Specimen Jar: Kino

A small slender glass specimen jar with a cork closure, a wide round lip and a thin flared base, 19th century. The jar orginally contained plant specimens.

The jar has two labels stating the original plant specimen contents. The first label, printed, in black ink on white ground reads; "Kino of Grey Gum//Eucalyptus saligna. sm//N.S. Wales//Tech Mus Sydney 73-1891" The second label, handwritten and sepia, reads: "Grey Gum Kino//Eucalyptus Saligna SM//Sydney, NS Wales//1891 Technological Museum Sydney".



Specimen Jar: Campomanesia

A medium sized glass specimen jar with narrow rounded shoulders, thin lip and a shallow flat flared base, 19th century.The jar has a cork closure.

The jar has two labels. The first, printed label, reads; "Fruits of//Campomanesia aromatica, Gris//Trinidad//1877 H Prestoe Esq" The second, handwritten label, reads; "Fruits of//Camponmenesia Aromatica//Trinidad//H Prestoe Esq 1877" The label is yellowing.



Specimen Jar: Pycanthus

Small Clear Glass Specimen Jar With Cork Closure and Paper Label: Seeds Of Pycanthus Schweinfurthii, 19th century.

Jar once contained plant specimens and has a printed label, which has darkened to a sepia colour which reads; "Seeds of // Pycanthus Schweinfurthii, Warb // Akisso, Equatorial Africa // Dr Schweinfurth".



Specimen Jar:Entabelly

Large glass specimen jar with thin lip and slightly flared base, 19th century. The cork stopper is not actually in the jar, which has a broken plastic seal across the opening, held in place with string. Cork closure sits on the top.

The jar originally contained plant specimens and the printed label reads: "Entabally Bark / Vochysia gulanensis Aubl / British Guiana / 9-1887 Pharm S" The handwritten label reads: "Entabally Bark / Vochysia Gulanenses AnH / British Guiana / 9. 1887 Pharmaceutical Society". A second small cut-to-shape label has been placed over the original with the word "Vochysia" on it - possibly a correction to spelling?


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